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Beijing,the capital of China
Beijing is the capital city of China as well as a well-known historical and cultural city. It is the political, economic, transportation and cultural center of the country; there are many splendid cultural arts and interests.

A s the capital of China, Beijing is one of the worldˇ®s truly imposing cities , with a 3,000-year history and 11 million people. Covering 16,808 square kilometers in area, it is the political, cultural and economic center of the Peopleˇ®s Republic .

Situated in northeast China, Beijing adjoins the Inner Mongolian Highland to the northwest and the Great Northern Plain to the south. Five rivers run through the city, connecting it to the eastern Bohai Sea. Administratively, the Beijing municipality equals the status of a province , reporting directly to the central government.

Rich in history, Beijing has been Chinaˇ®s primary capital for more than seven centuries. Chinaˇ®s imperial past and political present meet at Tiananmen square, where the Forbidden City palace of the emperors gives way to the Great Hall of the People congress building and the mausoleum of Chairman Mao Zedong . The old city walls have been replaced by ring roads, and many of the old residential districts of alleys and courtyard houses have been turned into high-rise hotels, office buildings, and department stores. Beijing, a dynamic city where the old and new intermingle, remains a magnet for visitors from inside and outside China.

Beijing is a city of broad boulevards, now full of traffic and pulsating to the rhythms of commerce and entertainment.   Museums and parks abound, including the Palace Museum of the Forbidden City and Beihai Park in the center of town. Nearby, the China Fine Arts Museum ( Zhongguo meishuguan ) exhibits the work of contemporary artists. Chinaˇ®s ancient past and recent history are on view at the Museum of Chinese History and Chinese Revolution at Tiananmen . Antiques, crafts, and books can be found at Liulichang , an old antique market district remodeled in the 1980ˇ®s to reflect the style of the old city. Some of the spirit of Old Beijing is also preserved at Qianmen , south of Tiananmen , with stores that date to the early 20th century and beyond, including the Tongrentang Traditional Medicine Shop, first established in 1669. Beijing Opera performances and acrobatic troupes keep those traditional entertainment forms vital, while contemporary music clubs and discos thrive in an era of liberalization and prosperity.

     Photo Album of Beijing