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Guangdong province
Guangdong is the shorted form of Guangnan Donglu, an ancient province. It is located in south China , with Guangzhou as its capital city. Thousands of years ago, the Yue people resided here. That is why Guangdong is also called Yue. In the 8th year (887BC) during the reign of King Yi of the Zhou Dynasty (11th century -- 256BC), the capital of the Chu State was in Guangzhou . After the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC) unified the whole China , Nanhai Prefecture was founded in Guangdong . In the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Guangdong Province was established, and this name has been in use ever since.

It adjoins Wuling Mountains to the north and the South China Sea to the south, with a landscape sloping from north to south. Its mountainous in north, and in the south there are coastal plains, hills and tablelands. The deltas of the Pearl River and Han River are its chief plains. The West River , the North River and the East River, known as "the Peal River System", as well as Han River are Guangdong s main waterways. Its coastal line is long and zigzag with numerous offshore islands.

Its main industrial products cover cane sugar, garments, leather, paper, stationery, arts and crafts, pharmaceuticals, plastics, pottery, electric machinery, electronics, and communication equipment, the output value of which all stands in the forefront in China . Guangdong also holds an important place in China in the production of rice, silk, tea, jute and tropical crops. It has well-developed sea and ocean fishing as well as freshwater and seawater aquiculture.

The capital city of Guangzhou is the largest city in South China and the political, economic, cultural, transportation and travel center of the province. Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Shantou of Guangdong Province have been listed as special economic zones.

As one of the locations of China s Special Economic Zones, and bordering Hong Kong and Macao , Guangdong has marked advantages in utilizing overseas capital and technology and carrying out foreign economic and technical cooperation. It is also one of the home provinces of oversea Chinese.
Guangdong boasts abundant natural and historical sites and sceneries, including Yuexiu Hill in Guangzhou , botanical garden of South China , Xiqiao Mountain , Conghua Hot Springs, the Window of the World, the Yuexiu Park , the Seven Star Crags, and Dinghu Mountain . Guangzhou and Chaozhou are the renowned historical and cultural cities and Foshan is one of the Four Great Towns nationwide.

     Photo Album of Guangdong