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Hebei province
Hebei was one of the earliest developed regions in China. It has taken an important place in Chinese history. After Huang Di were Yao, Shun and Yu, the three most respected rulers in ancient times. Yu the Great founded the Xia Dynasty (21st-16th century B.C.) and divided China into nine states. Hebei is the original area of Ji, the leading state of the nine states. The shortened name of Hebei Province today is still called Ji.

Hebei Province, abbreviated as Ji, is located in the northern part of Huabei (North China) Plain, facing the Bohai Sea in the east. It is also called "Yanzhao" because it used to be the territory of the Yan and the Zhao states during the periods of Spring and Autumn and Warring States. During the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, Hebei became most important because Beijing was chose to be the capital, and was known as the environs of the capital. Covering an area of more than 190,000 square kilometers, the province has a population of 67.44 million of Han, Hui, Manchu, Mongolian, Korean and other ethnic backgrounds. The provincial capital is Shijiazhuang.
As a famous province of cultural relics in China, Hebei has numerous historical sites and scenic spots pock-marking throughout its whole territory. There are three world heritage sites, five national famous historical and cultural cities, and more than 670 sites of historical and cultural interest which are under key protection at or above the provincial level. Major cultural relics and historical remains include the Mountain Resort and its outlying imperial temples in Chengde, Eastern and Western Imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty, the Great Wall at Jinshanling, Shanhaiguan and Laolongtou sections, Longxing Temple in Zhengding, Congtai Terrace in Handan, Anji Bridge in Zhaoxian County, Iron Lion in Cang-zhou and Xiangtangshan Mountain Grottoes in Handan.

Hebei possesses multiplex landscapes such as seashores, plains, lakes, mountains and plateau, as well as most diversified natural scenery. There are two national top ten scenic spots, five national scenic resorts and nine national forest parks in the province. Major tourist attractions are Beidaihe Beach in Qinhuangdao, Baiyangdian scenic resort, known as "the Pearl of North China" Bashang Grassland, Cangyan Mountain, Tiangui Mountain and Yesanpo Scenic Area.

The three dynasties of Yuan, Ming and Qing (1206-1911) all set their national capital in Beijing. In the past 700 years Hebei had the responsibility to protect the national capital. During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Hebei was named Zhili, which means "under direct Administration of the Imperial Court". After the founding of the Republic of China (1912-1949), the Kuomintang government set up its capital in Nanjing. The name of Zhili was no more suitable to its status and was changed to Hebei in 1928. The Hebei peopleˇ®s Government was established on August 1, 1949.

Shijiazhuang, the provincial capital, is 283 kilometers from Beijing.

     Photo Album of Hebei