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Zhengzhou City
Zhengzhou, the tourist center of central China, is one of the eight ancient capitals of China and the capital city of Henan Province at present. Located at the east of the Songshan Mountain and at the south bank of the Yellow River, Zhengzhou has attracted numerous tourists from all over the world as the origin of Shaolin Kung fu, the native place of the Yellow Emperor or Huangdi and the marvelous shopping paradise. Being a famous city of rich culture and glorious history, with its booming economy, Zhengzhou is now an important modern open city of inland China, rising rapidly in business and trade. With her advantageous geographic position, it functions as an important bridge in the national economic development.

Located at the south bank of the Yellow River and the east of the Songshan Mountain, Zhengzhou connects Kaifeng, the ancient capital of seven dynasties, in the east, and Luoyang, the ancient capital of nine dynasties, in the west. With the Huanghuai Plain in the southeast, it has the typical continental monsoon climate of medium latitudes with distinct seasons as well as an annual average temperature of 14.3 ¡æ. Among the four seasons, the spring and the autumn are ideal for tourism.

As one of the earliest residential areas of the ancient Chinese, Zhengzhou is called the cradle of Chinese ancient civilization with her long history. It was once the first acknowledged capital city in the history of China named Bo in the Shang Dynasty and this brings the history of Chinese capitals 300 years earlier. Like a resplendent pearl, she stands nearby the Yellow River, the mother river of Chinese civilization, shining gloriously. Famous cultural remains include the Peiligang Ashes dating back to 8,000 years ago, the Yangshao Ashes to 5,000 years, the capital ruins of the Shang Dynasty to 3,500 years, the world famous Shaolin Temple and other 10 historic establishments under the protection of the national class. Famed tourist attractions of splendid landscape are the Songshan scenic area, the Yellow River tour area, the Huayuankou scenic area, the Native Place of Emperor Huangdi, the Huancuiyu scenic spot, the Imperial Mausoleums of the Northern Song Dynasty, the Native Place of Du Fu, the Kang Baiwan Manor, the Jinlu Ostrich Garden, etc. Many Chinese surnames such as Xu, Xiong, Xia, Zheng, Guo, Feng, Gong and, etc. originated on this land. Zhengzhou is also the birthplace of numerous historic celebrities including Xu You, Zichan, Han Fei, Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Zheng Qian, Li Jie, Gao Gong and so on.

There are more than 150 tour attractions of various types in Zhengzhou, characterized by beautiful natural scenery, heavy historical flavor, the origin of culture and the Chinese Kung fu. Among them, the world¡¯s famous Songshan Shaolin Temple is regarded as the holy land of Chinese Buddhism as well as the cradle of Shaolin Kung fu. The Grand Sight of Yellow River, the Yellow River tour area and the Huayuankou tour area reveal a marvelous picture to tourists -- the rich culture and the glorious history of the Yellow River and her colorful folk customs. The Native Place of Emperor Huangdi shows tourists a land which gave birth to Chinese civilization.

Zhengzhou, a city flavored with rich history, is the host of colorful folk customs and various festivals, among which are the impressive Zhengzhou International Shaolin Kung fu Festival, the Memorial Ceremony of Emperor Huangdi, the Crab Festival of the Yanming Lake, the Watermelon Festival of Zhongmou County, the Zhongyue Temple Fair, the Performance of Shaolin Kung fu, the Sightseeing in Xinzheng Dates area, etc. Touring in Zhengzhou will not only please your eyes, but also satiate your appetite. As one of the key branches of Chinese dishes, Yucai, a brief name for the Henan Dishes, has developed more than 60 ways of cooking methods and thousands of delicious dishes after generations of efforts in thorough study and fine improvements. Zhengzhou enjoys the reputation of the ¡°City of Huimian (a kind of boiled wide noodles)¡±. For her advantageous location in the central China and her convenient communication, dainty foods from all over the country can be found here. Delicacies such as the sweet-sour quick-fried carp of the Yellow River, the Huimian noodles of Heji, the roasted duck of Zhengzhou, the Caiji steamed dumplings and the Geji stewed pancakes are so appealing that they will always be part of your pleasant memories.

climate

Located at the south bank of the Yellow River and the east of the Songshan Mountain, Zhengzhou connects Kaifeng, the ancient capital of seven dynasties, in the east, and Luoyang, the ancient capital of nine dynasties, in the west. With the Huanghuai Plain in the southeast, it has the typical continental monsoon climate of medium latitudes with distinct seasons as well as an annual average temperature of 14.3 ¡æ. Among the four seasons, the spring and the autumn are ideal for tourism.


Sightseeing:


Mt. Song Tour

As one of the Five Famous Mountains in China, there is no need to say more about the beauty of Song Mountain. If you visit one mountain in Henan, make it this one for its charming natural views and its fame. Shaolin Temple is situated in the west foothills of Song Mountain. At the mention of Shaolin Temple, tourists mostly think of Shaolin Kung Fu, and it is true that you can appreciate wonderful performances here. Another place worth a visit near Shaolin Temple is the Pagoda Forest. There are about 250 different pagodas which are the graves of every abbot of Shaolin Temple from Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) till the last. The constructions, reflecting the architectural styles of every dynasty, are now the treasures for studying Chinese ancient brick architecture and the art of engraving.

Also, one of the four Academies of Classical Learning in Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) - Songyang Shuyuan, and the Astronomical Observatory are both worth a visit.

Downtown Tour

Er¡® Qi (meaning Feb.7th) Square, located in the center of the downtown area, is the busiest commercial area in Zhengzhou and even Henan Province. There are many department stores and restaurants, which should not be missed. The most eye-catching architecture on the square is the central Er¡® Qi Memorial Tower which commemorates a strike that happened on Feb.7th, 1923. To get to the square from Zhengzhou Railway Station take Bus Nos. 2, 6, 32 or 34 and get off at Er¡® Qi Guangchang Stop.

Shang Ruins, the largest and the most well-preserved site of the capital city in early Shang Dynasty (16th - 11th century BC), is located in the Zhengzhou downtown area. It is more ancient than the Yin Xu (Yin Ruins) in Anyang. Covering an area of about 25 square kilometers (about 9.7 square miles), the site still has a city wall with a girth of nearly 7 kilometers (about 4.3 miles). Items unearthed here include rare bronzes, many shell articles, stone wares, jade articles and relics of silos, wells and graves offering plenty of material for the study of the development of Slave Society and Chinese ancient cities.

Situated in the northern part of Zhengzhou, Henan Museum is a modern historic museum. From the architectural style of the museum to the treasures there stored, the history presented here will amaze you. The idea for the design of the museum comes from the aspect of the Astronomical Observatory, which looks mysterious and pyramid-like. Cultural relics housed in the museum are definitely precious. There are ancient stone carvings, bronze wares and jade articles of Chu (897 - 951) and workmanship of Ming (1368 - 1644) and Qing (1644 - 1911) dynasties. One item not to be missed is a rare sculpture of an ivory cabbage on which insects are vividly carved. It is said that sometimes one can not tell the ivory cabbage from a real one when glancing at the sculpture. Tourists should take Bus Nos. 42, 61, 69 and 72 to Henan Sheng Bowuguan Stop.


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