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Lianyungang, dubbed as Chinaˇ®s "East-West Freight Corridor", is one of the first fourteen Chinese cities permitted to open to international economy and foreign trade by the Chinese State Council in 1984. As a prefecture jurisdiction, Lianyungang City administered 3 districts and 4 counties.

Like its other Jiangsu neighbors, Lianyungang has a history starting in the Tang Dynasty and was described as a paradise in the famous Chinese novel, Journey to the West. The archaeological findings in 1979 in the Yushan Mountain, brought its human history back to the New Stone Age, 40,000-50,000 years earlier. There are numerous historical or cultural relics found from the the early human habitat.

Lianyungang is a transportation hub in Jiangsu as well as in China. As the bridgehead of the New Asian-European Continent Corridor, the Longhai Railway (Lianyungang-Lanzhou) starts at Lianyungang, and stretches out westwards to Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, further to Russia and Europe, connecting two continents, Asia and Europe. The beautiful port city has been listed as one of 50 selected destinations for international travelers, voted by millions of online voters.

Geography, Resources and Climate

Situated in the northeast of Jiangsu, Lianyungang is on the shore of the East China Sea with a coast line of 162 km, wetland of 100,000 he and many shadow sea beaches. It borders Xuzhou and Yangcheng of Shandong Province to the west, HuaiˇŻan, Suqian and Yancheng to the south. The city confronts Japan and South Korea, in the opposite of the East China Sea. The water surface occupies one fourth of the cityˇ®s land mass.

The most important natural resource for Lianyungang is water resources, including its freshwater lakes and rivers, marine area, beaches, wetlands and fisheries. Never forgot its abundant resources of crystal and hot spring in Donghai, a county undet the jurisdiction of Lianyungang.

Lianyungang has an oceanic monsoon climate and distinct four seasons. It has annual average sun-light over 100 days and 220 days for frost-free period. The recorded lowest temperature was -10ˇăC in January and the highest was 36ˇăC in summer. Its average rainfall is 930 mm.

Transportation and Tourism
Lianyungang is a transportation hub in Jiangsu as well as in China. Longhai Railway (Lianyungang-Lanzhou, Gansu Province) is a trunk rail line in the country. The Port of Lianyungang offers the waterway for cargo and passengers. Lianyungang Baitabi Airport has charted flights to Beijing, Chengdu, Dalian, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shengyang, Wenzhou, etc.

The city has efficient transport means, including highway/expressway, railway, air and waterway. At present, at least five expressway/highway lines link the city to other major cities in the province, including expressways Lainyungang-Suzhou, Nanjing-Lianyungagn, Xuzhou-Lianyungang, two highways, Lianyungang-Huerguosi, Linayungang-Tianshui.

Lianyungang is a hot tourist destination and its coastal line and landmarks would give you unforgettable memories. Huaguoshan Mountain, meaning Flowers & Fruits Mountain in Mandarin, was selected as one of 50 the must-see list for international travelers in the national tourist destinations. Many historical relics are listed as the national or provincial sites for tourists.

Culture and Folklore

Huaguoshan Mountain, meaning "Flowers & Fruits Mountain" in Mandarin Chinese, is the well-known place in which its national reputation is not actually from its real natural beauty but from a fictionalized novel, Journey to the West, published anonymously in 1590 A.D. by Wu ChengˇŻen. In his legendary stories, the beautiful wild mountain was described as the territory of a magic monkey transformed from a stone, Monkey Sun, and nourished by the Five Elements, who learns the art of the 72 polymorphic transformations, combat and secrets of immortality. When his powers grow, he started his rebellion against the Heaven. However, his efforts were defeated and was captured by warriors of the Heaven. In order to be free from the Heaven, he agreed to be a protector for a Buddhist monk, Xuanzang, in the Tang Dynasty for his pilgrimage to India in order to obtain Buddhist religious texts called sutras. The fiction is honored as one of the Four Great Classical Novels in Chinese Literature.


Xufu Village
Xu Fu, an official working for the first Emperor, Qinshihuang, in the Qin Dynasty, was dispatched by the emperor for an ocean-crossing trip in 219 A.D to look for herbs that could make the emperor immortal. However, Xu Fu and his team, including many technicians and security troops, never came back. Nobody knew whether he and his fleet arrived successfully in these islands in the opposite of the ocean or died on the way to their destination. But in Japan, there is a park and a tomb titled with his name and nobody really knows how to explain these things.

Xu Fu Village was his hometown at that time that is now located in Ganyu County, a jurisdictional subdivision of Lianyungang City. Xu Fu left his village to start his voyage. Locals erected a temple and a tombstone with his name in memory of him.

Huaguoshan Mountain
Huaguoshan Mountain, popularized in a well-known Chinese novel "Journey to the West", is located seven kilometers southeast of the urban Lianyungang with a summit of 635 meters over sea level. The tourist attraction comprises more than a hundred individual scenic sites and most of them became famous as a result of the legendary novel depicting a fictional adventure story. The site has numerous natural attractions including splendid springs, waterfalls, caves and cliffs, and man-made scenic spots like Buddha sculptures and temples dating back to the 7th century AD.

With the rich history and beautiful scenery, Huaguoshan Mountain has been selected as one of 50 top Chinese tourist attractions for foreign tourists from 171 best tourist sites nominated from 31 provinces, based on more than 2 million online responses and 0.24 million votes in a nationwide survey. It has also awarded with the high score of 4-AAAA in the national tourist attraction category since 2002.

Haizhou Bay Resort
Haizhou Bay resort (Sea Head Bay Resort) includes the largest beach in Lianyungang, along the east coast of Jiangsu, and the resort attracts thousands of travelers each year during the summer.

The resort offers facilities for shopping, dining and entertaining. It also has historical sites left by the Qin Dynasty for tourists. The resort was listed as one of the summer resorts recommended by the provincial government.

Yuwan Natural Scenic Region
The Yuwan Natural Scenic Region (Fish Bay Natural Scenic Region) lies at the southern foot of the Yuntai Mountain and is part of the most famous Huagoushan Mountain Scenic Zone. The region, together with other tourist attractions, including the Dongle Stone Sea Scenic Region and the Landau Beach, which neighbors Lianyungang Seaport and Lianyungang Economic Development Zone, is an excellent tourist attraction.

During the Qing Dynasty, the bay area was simply a harbor for fishermen to anchor their boats and to shelter them from winds and waves. Through years of efforts, the place has become one of the most attractive sites for tourists with its well protected natural environment, which is a part of Huagushan Scenic Region. Its waterfalls, natural ponds, caves, running springs, and more provides tourist the opportunities to relax and have fun.

The site has been listed as one of the best tourist attractions in the province.

Qinshan Magic Path
The magic path is located in the southwest of Qinshan Island, Ganyu County, under the jurisdiction of Lianyungang City. The path is ten km long stretching out from the island to the mainland.

The path was witnessed in history books and has remained the same shape for the past thousand years.

The path is submerged in water when tide rises but reappears when tide lowers. It looks mysterious that the bigger white pebbles in the middle of the path are naturally segregated from the smaller dark pebbles curbing its sides.

It is said that the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, the Qinshihuang, paved the path but no one has been able to prove that. The path was probably formed naturally by tides and waves a thousand years ago.

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