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Jinan City
Jinan ( Jnn) is a sub-provincial city and the capital of Shandong province. The area of present-day Jinan has played an important role in the history of the region from the earliest beginnings of civilization and has evolved into an important administrative, economic, and transportation hub. The city is located in north-western Shandong, it borders Liaocheng to the southwest, Dezhou to the northwest, Binzhou to the northeast, Zibo to the east, Laiwu to the southeast and Taian to the south.

Names

The modern-day name "Jinan" literally means "south of the Ji (Waters)" and refers to the old Ji River that once flowed to the north of the city. The Ji River disappeared in 1852, when the Yellow River changed its course northwards and took over the bed of the Ji River. During the times of the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC to 256 BC), the city of Lixia ( Lxi) was the major settlement in the area. The Battle of An, which was fought in the area during the Spring and Autumn Period (in 589 BC), is named for the ancient city of An (n). Marco Polo describes the city under the name "Chingli"[1]. Jinan is also called "City of Springs" ( Qun Chng), because of the many artesian springs.


Language and culture

Local residents in the city proper, as well as in the surrounding areas, have traditionally spoken the Jinan dialect of Mandarin that is not readily understood even by native speakers of standard Mandarin. The younger people of Jinan are more likely to speak standard Mandarin, whereas many older residents retain strong local dialect elements in their speech.

Jinan has its own cuisine, the Jinan style of the Lu cuisine (simplified Chinese: ³; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Lci), one the Eight Culinary Traditions of China.



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