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Tianjing Municipality
Tianjin is one of the four municipalities in China. Its name means ˇ®the place where the emperor crossed the riverˇ®. In recent years Tianjin has received more and more attention from both tourists at home and abroad due to its numerous travel resources and rich history.

Located from 38 degree 34ˇ® to 40 degree 15ˇ® for north latitude and from 116 degree 43ˇ® to 118 degree 4ˇ® for east longitude, Tianjin is at the Northeast of North China and the lower reaches of the Haihe River. The total area is 11919.7 square kilometers. The length from south to north is 189 kilometers and the width from east to west is 117 kilometers. The Bohai Sea is on its east and the Yan Mountain is on its north. It is 137 kilometers from Tianjin to Beijing, calculated from the downtown center of Tianjin. Tianjin is the gate of the capital in geography.

In remote antiquity, most areas of Tianjin used to be a vast ocean and gradually become flatland after the sea water fell and the entrance of Haihe River moved to the north for three times and a large of amounts of silt left to make the coastline move to the east.

Five thousand year ago, human being appeared in Tianjin flatland. Tianjin began from the open of the Big Canal and development of the transport of grain by water to the capital in the Sui Dynasty. At the middle of the Tang Dynasty, Tianjin became a commercial and transportation center of grain and silk from the south to the north. In the Song Dynasty, it was called "Zhigu Stockaded Village" and changed its name "Jinhai Town" at the Yuan Dynasty. The name of Tianjin was called at the beginning of the Yongle Years of the Ming Dynasty at first, which meant that the area passed through by the Son of Heaven-the emperor. At the second year of Yongle Years of the Ming Dynasty (1404), as a strategic point, Tianjin began to build city wall and defenses and called "Tianjinwei". In 1860, Tianjin became atrading port and the second biggest industry and commerce city and the biggest center of finance,commerce and trade in the north in which industry production and port trade were only lower than shanghai for a long time.Tianjin became a municipality directly under the Central Government of the Peopleˇ®s Republic of China after founding of New China.Now, there are 18 districts and counties in Tianjin, including 6 city center districts, as: Heping, hexi, Hebei, Hedong, Nankai and Hongqiao; 4 town districts, as: Dongli, Xiqing, Jinnan, Beichen; 3 seashore districts , as: Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang, and 5 counties, as : Wuqing, Ji County, Ninghe, Baodi and Jinghai. The resident population is 9.5948 million.

     Photo Album of Tianjin