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Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the far northwest of China has an area of 1.6 million square kilometers,which occupies almost one-sixth of China¡¯s total Landmass.

The region is hemmed in to the north by the Altay Mountains, to the west by the Pamirs and to the south by the Karakoram Mountains, Altun Mountains and Kunlun Mountains. The snow-capped Tianshan Mountains running through the region divide Xinjiang into northern and southern parts with very different climate and landscape. Southern Xinjiang, hot and arid includes the Tarim Basin and the Taklimakan Desert, largest in China while northern Xinjiang contains the Junggar Basin, where the Karamay Oilfields and the fertile Ili River valley are situated.

As a multi-national region, Xinjiang has a population of 15 million, with Uygurs, the Han Chinese, Kazakhs, Huis, Mongolians, Kirgizes, Xibes, Tajiks, Tartars, Uzbeks, Daurs, Manchus and Russian as the principal communities. Urumqi is the capital city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.


Xinjiang is endowed with cultural relics, historical sights and natural wonders. The ancient Chinese Silk Road running through the region has left on its way traces reflecting its developing, flourishing and decline. The ruins of Loulan Ancient Town and Jiaohe Ancient Town bear witness to the region¡®s glorious past. The Sunday Bezaar in Kashgar well presents Xinjiang¡®s diverse culture. The Flaming Mountain in Turpan is good example of the region¡®s rugged terrain. Xinjiang also once served as China¡®s Buddhism center, which is proved by the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves in Turpan.

Urmuqi is the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwest of China. The place became known to foreign visitors mainly for its role as the last stopover along the¡± Silk Road¡±.

Urumqi is a multi-national city, where 43 ethnic groups reside. The city¡¯s rich cultural diversity is demonstrated by many ethnic minorities in the area. Han, Uygur, Hui, Kazak, Manchu, Sala and Mongolian people are all represented in this culturally diverse region.

Urumqi has a long history. The place has been home to a mix of ethnic groups for nearly 2,000 years and became a heavily guarded fort in the Han Dynasty. The ancient Chinese Silk Road went through Xinjiang, known at that time as the Western Regions, and made Urumqi an important stopover.

Urumqi has abundant tourist attractions. In and around Urumqi, visitors can find the Red Hill, South Pasture, the Heavenly Lake, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Museum and some others.  

The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, called Xiyu (Western Region) in ancient times, is located in northwestern China. Largest in area of all the province-level administrative regions of China, it covers an area of 1.66 million sq.km, almost one sixth of the total Chinese territory. Xinjiang borders Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghiziastan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Mongolia, India Afghanistan, also Gansu and Tibet. It is a place where there was the earliest colonization in the world, and it is a place that inspired the greatest poets in China. From the highland where Mt K2, 8611meter at the altitude, the second highest on our planet, stands to the basin lake that is 154 meters below the sea level, Xinjiang is the paradise for outdoor activities. No need to say its exotic lifestyles and majestic scenery interest all.  

     Photo Album of Xinjiang